Here is a very good timeline of Artificial Intelligence. I will repost it verbatim with due respect to the original author,
- 1951 – The first neural net machine SNARC was built and in the same year, Christopher Strachey wrote a checkers programme and Dietrich Prinz wrote one for chess.
- 1957 – The General Problem Solver was invented by Allen Newell and Herbert Simon.
- 1958 – AI pioneer John McCarthy came up with LISP, a programming language that allowed computers to operate on themselves.
- 1960 – Research labs built at MIT with a $2.2m grant from the Advanced Reserch Projects Agency – later known as Darpa
- 1960 – Stanford AI project founded by John McCarthy.
- 1964 – Joseph Weizenbaum created the first chatbot Eliza, which could fool humans but repeated back what was said to her.
- 1968 – Arthur C. Clarke and Stanley Kubrick immortalised Hal, that classic vision of a machine that would match or exceed human intelligence by 2001.
- 1973 – A report on AI research in the UK formed the basis for the British government to discontinue support for AI in all but two universities.
- 1979 – The Stanford Cart became the first computer-controlled autonomous vehicle when it circumnavigated the Stanford AI lab.
- 1981 – Danny Hillis designed a machine that utilised parallel computing to bring new power to AI.
- 1980s – Backpropogation algorithm allowed neural networks to start being able to learn from their mistakes.
- 1985 – Aaron, an autonomous painting robot, was shown off.
- 1997 – DeepBlue, IBM’s chess machine, beat then world champion Garry Kasparov.
- 1999 – Sony launched the AIBO, one of the first artificially intelligent pet robots.
- 2002 – The Roomba, an autonomous vacuum cleaner, was introduced.
- 2011 – IBM’s Watson defeated champions from TV game show Jeopardy.
- 2011 – Smartphones introduced natural language voice assistants – Siri, Google Now and Cortana
- 2014 – Stanford and Google revealed computers that could interpret images.
Courtesy of BBC News
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